Photo Sciences

The Photo Sciences department serves as the knowledge foundation for ZLI.
Without scientific attention to light, wildlife conservation is impossible and animal care is lacking.

Introductory Bibliography


Organic (Photo-)Physics (Biophysics):

Popp, Fritz-Albert. Electromagnetic Bio-information.

Popp, Fritz-Albert and Lev Beloussov (eds). Integrative Biophysics: Bio-photonics.

Van Wijk, Roland. Light in Shaping Life.

Van Wijk, Roland and Eduard Van Wijk. Biophoton Technology in Energy and Vitality Diagnosis.


Organic (Photo-)Chemistry:

Björn, Lars Olof (ed). Photobiology: The Science of Life and Light.

Johnson, Sonke. The Optics of Life. Keiser, Gerd. Biophotonics: Concepts to Applications.

Whikehart, David R. Biochemistry of the Eye.



Animal Eyes:

Batschauer, Alfred (ed). Photoreceptors and Light Signalling.

Land, Michael and Nilsson, Dan-Eric. Animal Eyes.

Parker, Steve. Color and Vision: The Evolution of Eyes and Perception.

Schwab, Ivan R. Evolution’s Witness: How Eyes Evolved.


Animal Coloration:

Beddard, Frank E.. Animal Coloration: An Account of the Principal Facts and Theories Relating to the Colours and Markings of Animals (Classic Reprint).

Lee, David. Nature’s Palette: The Science of Plant Color.

Stevens, Martin. Animal Camouflage.

Weaver, R.J., Santos, E.S.A., Tucker, A.M. et al. Carotenoid metabolism strengthens the link between feather coloration and individual quality. Nat Commun 9, 73 (2018) doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02649-z



    Natural light is essential to all life
Let's light up the scientific path towards a brighter future!